Pepper is native to the Malabar Coast of India and is one of the earliest spices known. It’s the world’s most traded spice, considered that 20% of the total spice trade is pepper, and is one of the most common spices added to cuisines around the world. Pepper also has a limited usage in medicine.
World’s largest producers of pepper are; Vietnam, Indonesia, Brazil, India and China. Despite being the largest producer, Vietnam exports virtually all the production, since the Vietnamese do not use pepper in their diet.
The EU and the USA are the largest importers of pepper in the world, together accounting for almost one third of global imports.
The main types of pepper are:
- Black pepper – obtained by picking green grains, but they darken during drying due to enzymatic oxidation. In most producing countries, pepper is dried under sun.
- White pepper – obtained by levying red, nearly ripe berries, that are then moistened to be able to remove outside layer, and only then dried. White pepper has a slightly milder flavor than black, and also is considered to be healthier.
- Pink pepper – is obtained from fully ripe, red beans, which are dipped in salty water, then frozen or quickly dried. Usually not traded in this color, but in some producing countries used only domestically, its price is up to 5 times higher than that of a black pepper.
- Green pepper – is obtained by picking the grain before ripening, process is the same as that of a pink pepper. In the production process, blanching and controlled tunnel drying are commonly used to prevent oxidation and to preserve the green color.
ARASCO is trading all types of peppers. Our main origins are Vietnam and Brazil. Our extended network allows us to supply any origin, depending on your needs.